What is Osteoporosis
Osteoporosis means “Porous bones”, causes bones to become weak and brittle- So brittle that even mild stress like bending over, lifting a vacuum cleaner, or coughing can cause a fracture.
Symptoms of Osteoporosis
- Back pain, caused by a fractured or collapsed vertebra
- Loss of height over time
- A stooped posture
- A bone fracture that occurs much more easily than expected
Risk factors of Osteoporosis
- Female gender
- Old age
- Family history osteoporosis/ Hip fracture
- Increased thyroid & parathyroid levels, decreased Estrogen levels
- Early Menopause/ Hysterectomy
- Lack of calcium in diet
- Small skeletal size
- Long term corticosteroid
How is it Diagnosed?
- DEXA scan
- Quantitative CT
Who should get screened for Osteoporosis
- All women >65 yrs and men >70
- 50+ age group with family history of Hip fracture/ Osteoporosis
- 50 + aged women who had menopause/ hysterectomy in
their late 30’s
The above group of people are suggested to get annual DEXA scan for early identification and prompt treatment.
Complications of Osteoporosis
Bone fractures, particularly in the spine or hip, are the most serious complication of osteoporosis.
How is Osteoporosis treated
- Life style modifications and exercise to strengthen muscle and improve bone strength
Latest Medical Interventions for Osteoporosis
Doctors are now keen on advanced medicine that gives proven results for patients who cannot use another osteoporosis medicine or other osteoporosis medicines did not work well.
Healthy bones for a healthy life
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